American Sanitary Engineering, by Edward S. Philbrick (New York: The Sanitary Engineer, 1881).

American Sewerage Practice, Volume I: Design of Sewers, by Leonard Metcalf and Harrison P. Eddy (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1914).

Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer, American Institute of Pakistan Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

The Americans; A Social History of the United States, 1587 - 1914, by Joseph C. Furnas (New York: Putnam, 1969).

History of Sanitation, by John J. Cosgrove (Pittsburgh: Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Co., 1909).

Main Drainage Works of the City of Boston, 2nd edition, by Eliot C. Clark (Boston, MA: Rockwell and Churchill, 1885).

Paris Sewers and Sewermen: Realities and Representations, by Donald Reid (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991).

San Diego City and County Directory of 1901, by the San Diego Directory of San Diego, CA.

The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution in Historical Perspective, by Joel A. Tarr (Akron, Ohio: University of Akron Press, 1996).

Sewage Disposal, by George W. Fuller (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1912).

Sewer Design, by Henry N. Ogden (London: John Wiley and Sons, 1899).

Sewerage and Land Drainage, by George E. Waring, Jr. (London: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1889).

Sewerage: The Designing, Construction, and Maintenance of Sewerage Systems, 6th edition, by H. Prescott Folwell (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1911).

Sewering the Cities, by Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz, Ed. (New York: Arno Press, 1977).

Small Town America: A Narrative History, 1620-Present, by Richard Lingeman (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1981).

The Vanishing American Outhouse, by Ronald S. Barlow (El Cajon, CA: Windmill Publishing Co., 1992).

The World Beneath the City, by Robert Daley (Philadelphia and New York: J.B. Lippincott Co.,1959).

Articles, Papers, and Internet Sites

“A Glimpse into London's Early Sewers” (Parts I, II and III) by Mary Gayman, reprinted from The Cleaner at Swopnet Sewer History.

“Historic Review of the Development of Sanitary Engineering in the United States during the Past One Hundred and Fifty Years: A Symposium,” Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol 92 (1928), pp. 1207-1324.

“Indus Valley, Inc.,” Discover, December 1998, pp. 67-71.

“Report of the Results of an Examination Made in 1880 of Several Sewerage Works in Europe,” by Rudolph Hering, Annual Report of the National Board of Health 1881 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1882), pp. 99-223; reprinted in Sewering the Cities, by Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz, Ed. (New York: Arno Press, 1977).

“Sewerage and Drainage of Towns,” by Harrison P. Eddy, Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 92 (1928), pp. 1225-1239.

“Sewerage Work; A Twenty-five Years' Review,” by Rudolph Hering, The Engineering Record, Vol. 47, No. 1 (1903), pp. 21-24.

“Sewers: Ancient and Modern; with an Appendix,” by Cyrenus Wheeler, Jr. (Mayor of Auburn, New York.), a paper read before the Cayuga County Historical Society on December 14, 1886. From the Collections of the Cayuga County Historical Society, 5 (1887).

“The Toilet,” by Margaret Mahy, MUSE Magazine, Volume 3, Number 5 (May/June 1999).


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