Paris (1)
(Click on thumbnails to enlarge image)

Western sanitation was slow to recover from the horrors of the Middle Ages. In Paris, a series of cholera epidemics in the 1830s began the reawakening. A complex system of new sewers (called "Les egouts") were constructed in the 1840s-1890s and became the pride of Paris. The design father of the complex system of sewers under Paris was Eugéne Belguard. Construction of this system started in 1850, and by 1870 over 500 km of new sewers were either in service or under construction. By 1930, the entire system (a "combined" system) was finished: "One sewer for each street."

See Tracking Down the Roots of Our Sanitary Sewers for more information.

   


Return to photo index

Next

For
Reference

Les Egouts de Paris - an excellent site with photos, books and links. For non-French speakers, try Google Translate
Cutaway of Paris sewer, 1820.

Source: Bruno de Ville d'Avray, Mairie de Paris / Direction de la protection de l'environnement, Section de l'assainissement de Paris; and Lucien Finel, previous Deputy to the Mayor of Paris (in charge of water and sanitation management).

Paris above and below ground, illustration from an 1854 article about life in Paris.

Source: "Life in Paris - Sketches Above and Below Ground," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 8, Issue 45 (Feb. 1854), p. 306. Courtesy of The Making of America Digital Collection, Cornell University Library.

Sewer profile and details, Hamburg, London, Paris, circa 1858.

Source: E. S. Chesbrough, Chief Engineer of the Board of Sewerage Commissioners, "1858 Chicago Sewerage Report," (Chicago, Illinois: Board of Sewerage Commissioners, 1858).

Graphic

Part of apparatus of J. B. Berlier's pneumatic system of drainage, circa 1884. This system was tried in Paris in the 1880s to separate sludge and draw it by pneumatic pressure to a collection station. See pp. 26-30 of source article for detailed information.

Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Plate 9, opposite page 28.

Graphic

Sketch showing the arrangement of Berlier's system in public and private buildings, circa 1884 in Paris.

Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Plate 10, opposite page 28.

Graphic

Sections of Paris sewers, circa 1884.

Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Plate 14, opposite page 52.

Graphic

Sections of Paris sewers, circa 1884.

Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Plate 15, opposite page 52.

Graphic

Flushing boat and truck used in Paris sewers, circa 1884.

Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Plate 16, opposite page 53.

Graphic

Details showing designs of Paris sewers, circa 1910. Figure 8 shows an egg-shaped branch sewer design with a flat path for sewermen. Figure 9 shows the main sewer in the Rue de Rivoli, with two paths for walking. Figure 10 shows the Clichy outfall sewer.

J. T. Brown, W. H. Maxwell, editors, "Sewerage," The Encyclopaedia of Municipal and Sanitary Engineering (New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1910), p. 429, 430.

Old sewer and the Metropolitan railway line. Rue Saint-Antoine trunk sewer, 1914.

Source: Postcard from Les Egouts de Paris.

Sewer workers with sewer cleaning equipment in Paris, France, circa 1930.

Source: Bruno de Ville d'Avray, Mairie de Paris / Direction de la protection de l'environnement, Section de l'assainissement de Paris; and Lucien Finel, previous Deputy to the Mayor of Paris (in charge of water and sanitation management).

   


Return to photo index

Next

[ Home ] [ Time Lines ] [ Articles ] [ Photos/Graphics ] [ Display ] [ Bibliography ] [ Miscellaneous ] [ Links ] [ Search ]
 
Copyright © 2004 sewerhistory.org. All rights reserved.