C. G. Force, Jr., “Design and Construction Table for Egg-shaped Sewers,” Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Volume IX (May 1880), pp. 202-205.

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“The Knickerbocker Avenue Extension Sewer, Brooklyn, N.Y.,” Scientific American, Volume LIII, No. 24 (12 December 1885), cover, p. 373. Collection of Jon C. Schladweiler, Pima County Wastewater Management Department. High resolution version of cover available also.

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Patent for pavement design, 1888. Supports were designed to remain in place while sections of pavement were removed to add or upgrade utility lines. Patented by Charles H. Hoyt on May 29, 1888. U.S. Patent No. 383,528, pp. 1-6.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov.

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“The Main Intersecting Sewer of the City of Brooklyn, N. Y.,” Scientific American, Volume LXVI, No. 5 (30 January 1892), cover, p. 69. Collection of Jon C. Schladweiler, Pima County Wastewater Management Department. High resolution version of cover available also.

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“A New Trench Excavating Machine,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Vol. XLVI, No. 12 (19 September 1901), pp. 200-201.

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“A Portable Concrete-mixing Plant,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Vol. XLVI, No. 14 (3 October 1901), p 241.

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“The 14th Ave. Sewer and 60th St. Sewer Tunnel Work, Brooklyn, N.Y.,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Vol. XLVI, No. 15 (10 October 1901), pp. 272-273.

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Frederick E. Turneaure, C. E., Editor-in-Chief, Cyclopedia of Civil Engineering, Volume VII, (Chicago: American School of Correspondence, 1908) – a compendium of articles including:

Anson Marston, “Sewers and Drains,” pp. 233-313, 344-357 (some pages missing).

PDF version (printer-friendly). See Design after 1900 for other chapters.

Table Showing Data (for the Fiscal Year 1907) Relative to Sewerage and Sewage Disposal in Certain American Cities and Towns. Parts I-III,” and “Table of Data Relating to the Maintenance of Sewerage Systems,” Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Volume 42 (1909).

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A. Prescott Folwell, Sewerage – The Designing, Construction, and Maintenance of Sewerage Systems, 7th edition (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1916), pp. 1-12, 44-68, 69-86, 141-176, 345-358.

“Sewerage – the System” (pp. 1-12)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Flow in Sewers” (pp. 44-68)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Flushing and Ventilation” (pp. 69-86) PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Detail Plans” (pp. 141-176)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Sewer Maintenance” (pp. 345-358) PDF version (printer-friendly).

H. K. Barrows, “Present Tendencies in Sewer Construction and Design,” Municipal Engineering, Volume LIV, No. 4 (April 1918), pp. 144-146.

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“Facilitating the Construction of Water and Sewerage Works by Means of the Cement Gun,” Municipal Engineering, Vol. LIV, No. 6 (June 1918), pp. 235-237.

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Edmund M. Lamphere, “Flush Tank Used to Prevent Sewer Freezing,” Sewage and Industrial Wastes, January 1953.

Reprinted with permission from Sewage and Industrial Wastes. Copyright 1953 Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, VA.

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Article describing the history of the development of the horse drawn “Fresno Scraper” – developed
In the 1880’s as a way to make the construction of drainage and irrigation canals easier. It was named after
The town of Fresno, CA.  the community in which the inventors of the scraper lived. The initial design has
Served as the basis of the many newer scrapers that have come along – powered by tractors, etc.

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March 1913 article entitled, “Taking Chances on a Sewer Trench” …. Describing a trench collapse on a sewer installation job in Birmingham, Alabama in January of 1913. The accident resulted in the deaths of five laborers. Source: Jon Schladweiler

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