For Reference

Clean Water for the World,  Insituform brochure about failing and neglected water and wastewater infrastructure. (PDF)

Source: Jayne Bringer, Insituform Technologies.

“Explosion of a Rolling-Mill Boiler,” The Manufacturer and Builder, Volume 13, Issue 4 (April 1881), p. 83-84. Courtesy of The Making of America Digital Collection, Cornell University Library.

PDF version (printer-friendly).

N. S. Sprague and Chas. M. Reppert; “The Pittsburgh Sewer Explosion;” Engineering News; Vol. 71, No. 1 (January 1, 1914); pp. 22-28.


“Discharge of Inflammable Wastes Into Sewers – Problem of Prevention – The Pittsburgh Sewer Explosion Investigation,” Engineering and Contracting, Vol XLII, No. 21 (November 18, 1914), pp. 476-478.

PDF (scanned by Google Books)

Robert H. McDormick; “The Eighteenth St. Sewer Explosion at Detroit;” Engineering News; February 12, 1914; p. 373.


N. S. Sprague, “Inflammable Wastes in Sewers,” Municipal Engineering, November 1914, pp. 336-343.  Includes information about the Pittsburgh sewer explosion (above).

PDF (scanned by Google Books)

Isaac Shone, The Evolution of Greater Britains’s Antiseptic House & Town Sewage-Drainage Systems of the Twentieth Century (London: E. & F. N. Spon, Ltd), 1914.

This book is largely an advertisement for the author’s Shone system, which he counterposes to various hazardous sewer designs. For an example, see p. 294.

PDF (scanned by Google Books)

Laura Fairbanks (Pima County Wastewater Management Dept.), “Sewer Collapse Causes Sinkholes in Tucson, Arizona, on September 7, 2002.”

Html version

Thomas Rooney, Insituform, “The Looming Sinkhole Crisis,” Los Angeles Times, March 28, 2007.

If article is offline, check here.