Edward S. Philbrick, “Lecture VII: The Ventilation and Cleaning of Sewers,” American Sanitary Engineering (New York: The Sanitary Engineer, 1881), pp. 82-89.

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See Design – before 1900 for other lectures from this book.

Cyrenus Wheeler, Jr. (Mayor of Auburn, New York), “Sewers: Ancient and Modern; with an Appendix,” a paper read before the Cayuga County Historical Society on December 14, 1886. From the Collections of the Cayuga County Historical Society, 5 (1887), pp. 3-41, plates 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22.

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“The Separate Sewer System,” The Manufacturer and Builder, Volume 21, Issue 9 (Sept. 1889), p. 210. Courtesy of The Making of America Digital Collection, Cornell University Library.

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“Sewer Maintenance; Under Whose Supervision and Why?,” The Engineering Record, July to December 1902, pp 344-346.

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“Table Showing Data (for the Fiscal Year 1907) Relative to Sewerage and Sewage Disposal in Certain American Cities and Towns. Parts I-III,” and “Table of Data Relating to the Maintenance of Sewerage Systems,” Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Volume 42 (1909).

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Friench Simpson, “Rat Proofing a Municipal Sewer System: A Report of an Investigation to Find a Practical Method of Rat Proofing the Sewer System of San Francisco,” Public Health Reports, Vol. XXVII, No. 44 (31 Oct. 1913), pp. 2283-2289.

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Leonard Metcalf and Harrison P. Eddy, “Introduction: The Lessons Taught by Early Sewerage Works,” American Sewerage Practice, First Edition (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1914), pp. 1-31.

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A. Prescott Folwell, Sewerage – The Designing, Construction, and Maintenance of Sewerage Systems, 7th edition (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1916), pp. 1-12, 44-68, 69-86, 141-176, 345-358.

“Sewerage – the System” (pp. 1-12)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Flow in Sewers” (pp. 44-68)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Flushing and Ventilation” (pp. 69-86)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Detail Plans” (pp. 141-176)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

“Sewer Maintenance” (pp. 345-358)  PDF version (printer-friendly).

October 9, 1930 – Sewer Maintenance Letter Report (City of Portland, Oregon) by Charles Robinson, General Foreman, Public Works Department.

This report provides a detailed review of the efforts and struggles that the staff of Portland’s  Department of Public Works went through to affect repairs to cracks (through which raw sewage was exfiltrating into the Willamette River) in a 78” dia sewer.  People worked under conditions that were extremely dangerous to control/reroute the existing flows and to implement the needed repairs with no loss of life, but with injuries to several men.

Source:  J. Michael Read, Vice-President, HDR One Company, Portland, Oregon.

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Grant M. Olewiler, “Sewer Maintenance,” Sewage Works Journal, Volume IX, No. 5 (September 1937), pp. 808-820.

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Harold J. Huber, “Sewer Maintenance,” Sewage Works Journal, January 1940, pp. 152-160.

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Larry Corkill, CET, CUES Canada, and Doc Bennett, CUES-Orlando; presentation to the North American Society for Trenchless Technology (NASTT) conference in Nashville,          Tennessee, March 26-29, 2006; CCTV in the United States. Used with permission.

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Article from the 16 Dec 1915 edition of the Municipal Journal entitled:  “Sewer Cleaning in Atlantic City” by Frederick T. Parker.

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30 July 1908 article in Engineering News entitled “The Harlem Creek Sewer and its Steel Centering: St. Louis, Missouri”.   An interesting story about the processes and equipment used to construct a large combined reinforced concrete sewer – via open trench and poured in place concrete. Source:  Jon Schladweiler

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