“The Knickerbocker Avenue Extension Sewer, Brooklyn, N.Y.,” Scientific American, Volume LIII, No. 24 (12 December 1885), cover, p. 373. Collection of Jon C. Schladweiler, Pima County Wastewater Management Department. High resolution version of cover available also.

PDF version (printer-friendly).

“The Main Intersecting Sewer of the City of Brooklyn, N. Y.,” Scientific American, Volume LXVI, No. 5 (30 January 1892), cover, p. 69. Collection of Jon C. Schladweiler, Pima County Wastewater Management Department. High resolution version of cover available also.

PDF version (printer-friendly).

H. N. Ogden, “Flushing (Chapter XVII)” and “Use of Flush Tanks (Chapter XVIII),” Sewer Design (New York: John Wiley & Sons, London: Chapman & Hall, Limited, 1899), pp.194-225 and plates I, II.

See Chapter XVIII (pp.206-225) for use of flush tanks in Ithaca, NY.

Chapter XVII PDF (printer-friendly).        Chapter XVIII PDF (printer-friendly).