Cast-iron pipe began to become available in the mid-1700s for municipal water service. The first large-scale use of cast-iron pipe for distribution of water occurred in 1664 at Versaille, France. The first cast-iron pipe manufactured in the United States was produced in a foundry in Weymouth, New Jersey, in the early 1800s. The city of Philadelphia began installing cast-iron pipe in its water distribution system circa 1804-1810. In fact, Philadelphia was the first American city to use cast-iron pipe exclusively — due to its greater longevity and the fact that water pressure that could be maintained with it was higher than wood pipe could handle.
See Tracking Down the Roots of Our Sanitary Sewers for more information.
J. F. Springer, “Iron and Steel Sewer Pipe,” Municipal Engineering, Volume LI, No. 3 (September 1916), pp. 87-91.
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