For Reference

P. F. Cooper, “Historical aspects of wastewater treatment” in Decentralised Sanitation and Reuse: Concepts, Systems and Implementation, IWA Publishing.

George E. Waring, Jr., “Village Sanitary Work,” Scribner’s Monthly, Vol. XIV, No. 2 (June 1877), pp. 176-187. Courtesy of The Making of America Digital Collection, Cornell University Library.

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Samuel M. Gray, Proposed Plan for a Sewerage System, and for the Disposal of the Sewage of the City of Providence (Providence: Providence Press Company, Printers to the City, 1884), Appendix A, pp. 3-116 and Plates I – XVI and XXIII.

Table of Contents PDF version (printer-friendly).

J. S. Billings, M.D., “Sewage Disposal in Cities,” Harper’s Magazine, Volume 71, Issue 424 (Sept. 1885), pp. 577-584.

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“The Use of Sewage for Irrigation in the West,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Volume XXIX (January-June 1893), pp. 1-15 (not original page numbers – document is scanned into modern type).

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W. P. Hardesty, “The Salt Lake City Intercepting and Outfall Sewer,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, 4 January 1894, p. 2.

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“The Sewers and Sewage Farms of Berlin,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Volume XXXVI, No. 9 (27 Aug. 1896), pp. 139-141.

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“Outfall Sewer and Sewage Farm at Salt Lake City, Utah,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Volume XXXVII, No. 11 (18 March 1897), pp. 166-167.

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“Converting Portions of the Los Angeles Outfall Sewer into a Septic Tank,” Engineering News and American Railway Journal, Volume XLIV, No. 19 (8 Nov. 1900), pp. 317-318.

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“Table Showing Data (for the Fiscal Year 1907) Relative to Sewerage and Sewage Disposal in Certain American Cities and Towns. Parts I-III,” and “Table of Data Relating to the Maintenance of Sewerage Systems,” Journal of the Association of Engineering Societies, Volume 42 (1909).

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J. T. Brown, W. H. Maxwell, editors, “Sewage Disposal,” The Encyclopedia of Municipal and Sanitary Engineering (New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1910), pp. 397-418.

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Leonard B. Kinnicutt, C.-E. A. Winslow, and R. Winthrop Pratt, Sewage Disposal, First Edition (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1910).

Introduction, pp. xvii-xxvi. PDF version (printer-friendly).

Chapter I: Composition of Sewage, pp. 1-20. PDF version (printer-friendly).

Chapter VIII: Purification of Sewage by Broad Irrigation and Sewage           Farming, pp. 193-221. PDF version (printer-friendly).

Henry Lemmoin-Cannon, Sewage Disposal in the United Kingdom (London: St. Bride’s Press, Limited, 1912). Digitized by Google Books, thanks to Tom Bates for locating and contributing this book.

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W. G. Kirchoffer, “Novel Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Plant at Mt. Horeb, Wis.,” Municipal and County Engineering, August 1918, p. 61.

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Alexander Potter, “Simple and Inexpensive Method of Lifting Sewage Sludge to Sludge Beds or Outfall Sewer,” Municipal Engineering, Volume LIV, No. 3 ( March 1918), p. 91.

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Revised and rewritten by John J. Buchan, Reid’s Practical Sanitation, 24th Edition (London: Charles Griffin & Company, Limited, 1948). Provided courtesy of James Joyce, P.E., Technical Director, Odor and Corrosion Technology Consultants, Inc.

Chapter 7: Introductory – Sewage and Refuse Disposal (pp. 101-123) PDF version (printer-friendly).

See Design – 1900 and later for other chapters.

Jamie Benidickson, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, “Ontario Water Quality, Public Health, and the Law, 1880-1930.”  From G. Blaine Baker and Jim Phillips, editors, Essays in the History of Canadian Law in Honour of R.C.B. Risk (Osgoode Society for Legal History, 1999). Used with permission.

 

Petri S. Juuti & Tapio S. Katko (eds.), Water, Time and European Cities – History Matters for the Futures (Tampere University Press, Finland, 2005).  Thanks to Petri Juuti, Ph.D., University of Tampere, Finland.

Information and photos about a number of European cities.

PDF version.        Also found on a University of Tampere website.

Juuti Petri & Katko Tapio (eds.), From a Few to All – Long Term Development of Water and Sanitation Services in Finland (Tampere University Press, Finland, 2005). Thanks to Petri Juuti, Ph.D., University of Tampere, Finland.

Information and photos about Finland.

PDF version.        Also found on a University of Tampere website.

U.S. Patents

Patent for apparatus for treating sewage, 1888. Patented by J. G. Heywood. U.S. Patent No. 392,605.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for apparatus for treating sewage, 1896. Patented by O. E. Meyer. U.S. Patent No. 565,491.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for apparatus for purifying sewage water, 1898. Patented by J. S. Miller. U.S. Patent No. 603,221.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for apparatus for purifying sewage, 1900. Patented by B. R. Guion. U.S. Patent No. 658,640.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for apparatus for treating and utilizing sewage, 1901. Patented by R. J. G. Wood. U.S. Patent No. 678,924.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for method for purifying sewage, 1916. Patented by D. T. Dobyns and J. K. Elderkin, Jr. U.S. Patent No. 1,194,000.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

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Patent for settling tank, 1916. Patented by G. W. Otterson. U.S. Patent No. 1,166,713.

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office at http://www.uspto.gov. Thanks to Tom Bates for finding and contributing this patent.

PDF version (printer-friendly).